English is a wonderful language that can be spoken almost anywhere in the world. It is, therefore, necessary to have at least some knowledge of it. But how to do it? Many people have never learned English or have never taken English to heart. The key to learning a new language effectively is to approach it in a positive and enjoyable way.
Of course, it is not easy to learn a completely new language from the very beginning. However, it is easy to make the process easier. You can watch English series, read English books with translation or continue reading this article. Today we will learn together how to use irregular verbs in the past tense correctly.
What are irregular verbs?
As you probably already know, verbs in English are divided into 2 basic groups:
The difference between them is that to form a sentence in different tenses, we need to use these verbs in the correct form. While the regular verbs are not difficult, the irregular verb forms have to be learnt by heart.
To give you an example, here we have prepared 2 basic and frequently used irregular verbs. So, shall we get started?
The verb READ
Just like the previous verb, the verb READ is one of the irregular verbs. For this verb, you need to learn the 3 basic forms to use the tenses correctly.
The past tense READ literally requires knowledge of these forms. But fortunately, the verb READ is exceptional in that all 3 forms are exactly the same. They differ only in pronunciation.
Forms of the verb READ
Infinitive: READ /riːd/
Past tense: READ /red/
Past participle: READ /red/
Watch the pronunciation!
Past simple tense of the verb READ
We use READ to express an event that took place in the past. It could have taken place once or repeatedly.
For this tense we use the 2nd form of the verb, i.e. READ with the pronunciation /red/.
For negative sentences, we add the negative “did not / did not” before READ /r:id/ in its original form.
I read your book. /red/
I did not read your book. /ri:d/
He did not read your book. /ri:d/
The past continuous tense of the verb READ
The past continuous tense shows an action that took place in the past at some point and had some duration.
It is formed by combining the verb in its original form (infinitive READ /r:id/) and the ending -ing. This gives us the form READING. Before the verb “reading” we need to add another verb, either “was” or “were”. The final form will be “WAS/WERE READING.”
We use “was” for the 1st and 3rd person singular and “were” for the other persons.
I was reading a book for 2 hours.
We were reading this book all night.
Present perfect tense READ
The present perfect tense depicts events that took place in the past and somehow interfere with the present by their effects.
We use the verb in the 3rd form, the past participle READ /red/ in combination with the verb “has/have”. This gives us the verb form “HAS/HAVE READ”.
Has is written in the 3rd person singular. We use have for all other persons. For the negative of a sentence, we use the negation “HAVEN’T” instead of “have” and the negation “HASN’T” instead of “has”.
I have read this article. /haev red/
She hasn’t read this article so she doesn’t know it.
By learning English, you get brand new opportunities. You can develop and acquire new and new information. That’s why it’s great that we’re working together to improve and learn something new again.
English is a beautiful language, and it would be a shame to throw it away and with it all the possibilities it offers. So don’t give up, practice hard and you will see the results.